Legal and policy

APC Policy (Read More)

Archives Policy (Read More)

Complaint Policy (Read More)

Cookie policy (Read More)

Legal notice (Read More)

Open Access Statement and Copyright Policy (Read More)

Peer Review Policy (Read More)

Plagiarism Policy (Read More)

Privacy Statement (Read More)

Privacy Policy (Read More)

Privacy Statement (Read More)

Publication Ethics (Read More)

Publication Policies (Read More)

Quality Control Policy (Read More)

Retraction and Correction Policy (Read More)

Submission Policy (Read More)

Text and Data Mining (Read More)

Waiver Policy (Read More)

It is important to us that we carry out our work in accordance with our core values and principles at all times, and in all territories. We adhere to a number of codes and guidelines which help to frame our relationships with our suppliers, authors, customers, and other partners. Please use the links below to find out more.


Potentially offensive content
Our content is part of the scholarly record and contains language, terms, and concepts which may cause offence. AJSRP foundation stands against racism and discrimination and fully supports the cross-publisher commitment for action in inclusion and diversity in publishing.

The way we work

Anti-bribery and fraud standards
We are committed to carrying out business to the highest standards of integrity and in accordance with relevant legislation. AJSRP has zero tolerance of bribery and fraud, and believes the fight against bribery and fraud is in the broader interests of business and civil society.

Modern Slavery Act statement
It is important to us that we carry out our work in accordance with our core values and principles at all times, and in all territories and we look to our partners to do the same.

Use of personal information
We are committed to protecting your personal information and respecting data privacy laws around the world. Our privacy policy and related cookie policy aim to provide transparency and clarity on how we use your personal information to provide you with our products and services.

Information Security
We are committed to ensuring the security of our colleague, customer, and partner information. We continually work across the Press to ensure we maintain this standard.

Health, Safety, and Security Policy Statement
This statement expands on the aspects of a safe workplace that we also cover in our Code of Conduct. We are committed to the protection and wellbeing of our employees, and ensure that we comply to the necessary health and safety laws across the regions in which we operate. This policy, along with our Global Health, Safety, Security and Environment (HSSE) Management Framework, guides our health and safety initiatives and actions.

Environmental Commitment
We are committed to measuring our impact on the environment both locally and globally, and identifying areas where we can minimize this impact, or use our resources more effectively. We also ensure that we comply with relevant environmental legislation in the regions in which we operate across the world.

Code of Conduct
Our Code of Conduct presents a set of values and principles that underpin all of our work at AJSRP Foundation. It also includes AJSRP’s commitments across a range of important ethical and social concerns. We have two versions of our Code; one for our employees and one for our partners.


Legal notice

This legal notice (these “Terms”) sets out the terms of your access and use of publications and products (“Publications”) and other content available on this website (the “Site”) which is owned by (“AJSRP Foundation,” “we,” “us,” or “our”).

Please note that these Terms are subject to AJSRP Foundation’s privacy policies and other polices linked to at the bottom of the Site. These Terms are also subject to any additional terms located on particular pages of the Site. If the additional terms conflict with these Terms, the additional terms will prevail with respect to your use of that Publication. By using the Site, you are agreeing to these Terms.

As the information on the Site, including in Publications, may be incomplete, out of date or inaccurate and may contain inaccuracies or typographical errors, AJSRP Foundation reserves the right to update the Site or the Publications at our sole discretion and without notice. We also may make changes to these Terms at any time and will post changes to this page.

Usernames and passwords
You may access certain parts of the Site without registering with AJSRP Foundation. Where you have been provided with a username and password to access any part of the Site, they are for your personal use and must not be shared with anyone else. You must notify us promptly of any disclosure of your username and/or password to allow us to take appropriate security measures.

Access to Subscription Content
Access to all or part of certain Publications and certain parts of this Site is restricted to authorized subscribers (“Restricted Content”). Under the terms of access to Restricted Content accepted by a subscriber (which could be you as an individual or an institution to which you are affiliated as an authorized user) you are permitted for your own personal use or for the purposes of research, teaching, and private study to:

search, view, retrieve, and display portions of Restricted Content
electronically save to a secure network or other electronic storage media portions of Restricted Content; and/or
print out single copies of individual articles or items from Restricted Content
in each case, subject to any restrictions which appear on particular pages of the Site.

But, unless your subscriber agreement expressly allows otherwise in respect of certain Restricted Content, you may not:

remove or alter the copyright notices or other means of identification or disclaimers as they appear on the Restricted Content;
systematically make printed or electronic copies of multiple extracts of Restricted Content for any purpose except as permitted by applicable law;
display or distribute any Restricted Content on any other site, the internet or any electronic network;
permit anyone to access or use the Restricted Content; and/or
use any Restricted Content for any commercial use.
Free-to-view content
AJSRP Foundation may designate all or part of certain Publications or other content on this Site as free-to-view (“Free-to-View Content”). You may, without charge, access, view, reproduce or store copies of Free-to-View Content but only for your personal use. Any use of Free-to-View Content in whole or in part must include the customary bibliographic citation, including author attribution, date, article title, journal title, and URL and must include a copy of the copyright notice.

But, you may not:

remove or alter the copyright notices or other means of identification or disclaimers as they appear in the Free-to View Content;
systematically make printed or electronic copies of multiple extracts of the Free-to-View Content for any purpose except as permitted by applicable law or as expressly authorised by AJSRP Foundation;
display or distribute any part of the Free-to-View Content on any other site, the internet or any electronic network;
permit anyone else to access or use the Free-to-View Content; and/or
use all or any part of the Free-to-View Content for any commercial use.
For details on how to obtain permissions to use the Free-to-View Content beyond that described above, please see the Licensing and Translations page.

Open Access content
Certain Publications, or article or item of a Publication, have been published under the terms of a Creative Commons Open Access licence (“OA Content”). For OA Content, the permitted terms of use and reuse are set out in the respective Creative Commons licence, which supersede the use and reuse rights in these Terms. The applicable Creative Commons licence can be identified by looking at the relevant copyright line for the Publication or article or item of the Publication. AJSRP Foundation most often applies the following Creative Commons licences to OA Content, and the links below will give details of the applicable use and reuse rights for each:




If other Creative Commons licence types are indicated in the relevant copyright line, please refer to the applicable licence terms on the Creative Commons website for details.

Text and data mining
You may carry out text and data mining on the Site for non-commercial purposes. For full details, please see our Third Party Data Mining Policy.

Intellectual property rights
We and/or our licensors are the owners of all intellectual property rights in the Site, the Publications, and other content on the Site. The Site, the Publications and the other content on the Site are protected by intellectual property laws around the world including copyright and trade mark laws. Subject to these Terms and any other agreements between you and AJSRP Foundation, all such rights are reserved and no materials may otherwise be copied, modified, published, broadcast or otherwise distributed without our prior written permission. “AJSRP Foundation” and/or any other names of products or services provided by AJSRP Foundation and referred to on the Site are either trademarks or registered trademarks of AJSRP Foundation.

Notwithstanding the foregoing and where applicable, copyright in each illustration that appears on the Site is owned by the rights holder(s) named in ‘Picture Details’ window for that illustration. All rights are reserved. No illustration from the Site may be copied, modified, published or broadcast or otherwise distributed.

AJSRP Foundation makes no warranties or representations of any kind concerning the accuracy, completeness or suitability of any information or content appearing on the Site. Further, AJSRP Foundation and the learned societies, authors and others who publish Publications with AJSRP Foundation make no representations or warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of the whole or any part of the Publications, or as to the accuracy or efficacy of the treatments or dosages in the Publications, and they do not accept, and expressly disclaim, responsibility for any liability, loss or risk that may be claimed or incurred as a consequence of the use or application of the whole or any part of the Publications.

The information and content appearing on the Site or in the Publications is not intended to be, and should not be considered, a substitute for medical or other professional advice. Practitioners and researchers must rely on their own experience, knowledge, and judgement in evaluating or applying any information, which remains their professional responsibility. Research and knowledge about medical and health issues is constantly evolving and diagnoses, treatments, and dose schedules for medications are being revised continually. Because of this and rapid advances in the medical sciences and changes in government regulations and clearances, we recommend independent verification of all product information and clinical procedures using the most up-to-date published product information and data sheets provided by the manufacturers and the most recent codes of conduct and safety regulations.

The mention of trade names, commercial products or organizations, and the inclusion of advertisements on the Site or on or in connection with a Publication does not constitute any endorsement by AJSRP Foundation, or the learned societies, authors or others who publish the Publications with AJSRP Foundation.

In no event shall AJSRP Foundation, its employees, agents or licensors, or the learned societies or authors who publish Publications with AJSRP Foundation be liable to you for any direct, indirect or consequential damages, loss of opportunity, loss of data, loss of goodwill, loss of anticipated savings or loss of profits resulting from the use of the Site even if advised of such loss.

The exclusions, disclaimers and limitations of liability set out in these Terms only apply to the extent permitted by law.

Links to other websites are provided by AJSRP Foundation in good faith and for information only. AJSRP Foundation disclaims any responsibility for the materials contained in any website linked to the Site. In addition, a link to a non-AJSRP Foundation website does not mean that AJSRP Foundation endorses or accepts any responsibility for the content, or the use, of such website or the products and/or services offered on such website. It is up to you to take precautions to ensure that whatever you select for your use is free of such items as viruses, worms, trojans and other items of a destructive nature.

Interactive Materials
Portions of the Site may allow you to post or transmit your own material. Materials posted by users do not necessarily reflect the views of AJSRP Foundation. By posting materials on our Site, you represent that you have all necessary rights in and to such materials and that such materials will not infringe any personal or proprietary rights of any third parties, that such material is not technically harmful (including, without limitation, computer viruses, logic bombs, Trojan horses, worms, harmful components, corrupted data or other malicious software or harmful data), nor will such materials be defamatory, unlawful, threatening, obscene or otherwise objectionable.

AJSRP Foundation reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to review, edit or delete any material posted by users that AJSRP Foundation deems defamatory, unlawful, threatening, obscene or otherwise objectionable. Notwithstanding the foregoing, AJSRP Foundation expressly disclaims any responsibility or liability for any material communicated by third parties through the Site.

Service access
While we endeavour to ensure that the Site is normally available 24 hours a day, we shall not be liable if for any reason the Site is unavailable at any time or for any period. Access to the Site may be suspended temporarily and without notice in the case of system failure, maintenance or repair or for reasons beyond our control.

AJSRP Foundation makes no warranties or representations of any kind that the services provided by this Site will be uninterrupted, error-free or that the Site or the servers that host the Site are free from viruses or other forms of harmful computer code.

Global nature of websites
You recognise the global nature of the Site and agree to comply with all applicable local laws in your jurisdiction when using the Site.

Information we publish on the Site may contain references or cross-references to our services and/or products offered that are not announced or available in your country. Such references do not imply that we intend to announce such services and/or products in your country.

Governing law
You agree that these Terms shall be exclusively governed in accordance with the laws of and the courts. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in these Terms will preclude AJSRP Foundation from applying to any court to bring an action for the infringement of its or its licensors’ intellectual property rights.

If you have any concerns about material which appears on the Site, please contact us.

Cookie policy

We use “cookies” and other technologies when you use our website. Here you can find out more about cookies and similar technologies and how to control them. Our Privacy policy can also be accessed here.

General information on cookies can be found here: http://www.allaboutcookies.org/

Your consent

By using our website you accept the use of cookies in accordance with this cookie policy. If you do not accept the use of cookies, please disable them as explained below or in any other notice provided to you when you visit our website.

Can I withdraw my agreement to the use of cookies and similar technologies?

If you wish to withdraw your agreement to accept cookies and similar technologies, please delete the cookies via your browser settings. There is a brief guide below in this policy and you can find further information on deleting and blocking cookies here (English): http://www.aboutcookies.org/how-to-delete-cookies/

Some of the similar technologies we use, such as JavaScript can also be disabled on your devices but this may significantly impact the ability for our website to work on your devices.

What are cookies and similar technologies?

Cookies are small data files that are placed on your computer or mobile device when you visit a website. Cookies are widely used by website and mobile application owners in order to make their websites and apps work, or to work more efficiently, as well as to provide reporting information. We use cookies to do lots of different jobs, like letting you navigate between pages efficiently, remembering your preferences and generally improving your browsing experience. We also use them to help ensure that any ads you see on our sites and those of others are more relevant to you and your interests.

We also use similar technologies such as ‘pixel tags’ and ‘JavaScript’ to undertake these tasks. Pixel tags and JavaScript are tiny graphics files that contain a unique identifier that enable us to recognise when someone has visited our Websites [or opened an e-mail that we have sent them]. This allows us, for example, [to monitor the traffic patterns of users from one page within our Websites to another, to deliver or communicate with cookies, to understand whether you have come to our Websites from an online advertisement displayed on a third-party website, to improve site performance, and to measure the success of e-mail marketing campaigns].

If you visit our website, mobile site, or use our mobile apps, we will deploy cookies and similar technologies to provide an online service more suited to the device you connect from, as well as to prevent and detect fraud, to help keep you secure. When you visit our website from any device (e.g. mobile device or PC), we collect information about your use of this site, such as information about the device or browser you use to access the site (including device type, operating system, screen resolution, etc.), the way you interact with this site, and the IP address your device connects from. In many instances, these technologies are reliant on cookies to function properly, and so declining cookies will impair their functioning, e.g. you may not be able to initiate or complete some activities within our secure online services unless these cookies or similar technologies are installed. Additionally, please note, we may not be able to process certain transactions if you are physically located in certain countries.

Cookies set by the website/app owner are called “first party cookies”. Cookies set by parties other than the website/app owner are called “third party cookies”. Third party cookies enable third party features or functionality to be provided on or through the website/app (e.g. like advertising, interactive content and analytics). The parties that set these third party cookies can recognise your computer both when it visits the website in question and also when it visits certain other websites.

Our Websites may also use so-called “Flash Cookies” (also known as Local Shared Objects or “LSOs”) to, among other things, collect and store information about your use of our services, fraud prevention and detection and for other site operations.

If you do not want Flash Cookies stored on your computer, you can adjust the settings of your Flash player to block Flash Cookies storage using the tools contained in the Website Storage Settings Panel. You can also control Flash Cookies by going to the Global Storage Settings Panel and following the instructions (which may include instructions that explain, for example, how to delete existing Flash Cookies (referred to “information” on the Macromedia site), how to prevent Flash LSOs from being placed on your computer without your being asked, and (for Flash Player 8 and later) how to block Flash Cookies that are not being delivered by the operator of the page you are on at the time).

Please note that setting the Flash Player to restrict or limit acceptance of Flash Cookies may reduce or impede the functionality of some Flash applications, including, potentially, Flash applications used in connection with our services or online content.]

Is there more than one type of cookie deployed?

There are different types of cookies which are usually split into the following categories, but note that not all these types will be used on every website you visit and some cookies fit into multiple categories:

‘strictly necessary’ / required cookies

These cookies are essential in order to enable you to move around the website and use its features, such as accessing secure areas of the website. Without these cookies, services you have asked for, like shopping baskets or e-billing, cannot be provided. These cookies are activated when you visit our website and remain active for the duration of your visit. So, basically, these cookies enable services you have specifically asked to use.


These cookies collect information about how visitors use a website. For instance, which pages visitors go to most often and if they get error messages from web pages. This data in aggregate form is used to improve our websites and apps. This data is also used to identify whether customers may have specific interests needs based on pages they have visited within our websites/apps. So, basically, these cookies collect information on the website pages you visited and help us provide you with a better service.


These cookies allow the website to remember choices you make (such as your user name, language or the region you are in) and provide enhanced, more personal features. For instance, a website may be able to provide you with local weather reports or traffic news by storing in a cookie the region in which you are currently located. These cookies can also be used to remember changes you have made to text size, fonts and other parts of web pages that you can customise. They may also be used to provide services you have asked for such as watching a video or commenting on a blog. The information these cookies collect may be anonymised and they cannot track your browsing activity on other websites. So, basically, these cookies remember choices you make to improve your user experience.


These cookies are used to deliver adverts more relevant to you and your interests. They are also used to limit the number of times you see an advertisement as well as help measure the effectiveness of advertising campaigns. They are usually placed by advertising networks with the website operator’s permission. They remember that you have visited a website and this information is shared with other organisations such as advertisers. Quite often targeting or advertising cookies will be linked to site functionality provided by the other organisation. So, basically, these cookies collect information about your browsing habits in order to make advertising relevant to you and your interests.

‘compliance’ cookies 

These cookies are required for us to be able to meet our legal and regulatory requirements, for example, anti-money laundering and fraud prevention. They also prevent your account from being misused by others. These cookies are activated when you visit our website and remain active for the duration of your visit.

‘Third party’ cookies

These cookies are added to our website by a third party such as YouTube or Twitter, where there is embedded third-party content. We have absolutely no control over these cookies. If you would like to find out more about the types of cookies which may be downloaded as a result, please visit the website of the third-party provider to do so.

‘Third party’ cookies providing information 

These cookies such as from Facebook or Google, collect information on the pages you visit within our website. The information collected helps us understand our customers better. It also allows us to serve advertising directed at specific target groups.

Cookies in Emails

We use cookies and similar technology in some of our emails which contain hyperlinks, each of which has a unique tag. They help us to understand a little bit about how you interact with our emails, and are used to improve our future email communications to you. If you click on links contained in this email it will allow us to track your use of our website and enable us to show content and offers of most interest to you.

If you do not wish to accept cookies from any one of our emails, simply close the email before downloading any images or clicking on any links. You can also set your browser to restrict cookies or to reject them entirely. These settings will apply to all cookies whether included on websites or in emails.

If you have configured your computer to automatically display images, or if you have added us to your email “address book” (or “safe senders” list), or if you have configured your computer to have “weak” security, cookies might be set at the same time as you download, open or read an email from us. If you would prefer for this not to happen, you should disable the automatic displaying of images, or remove us from your address book or strengthen your security settings.

How to control and delete cookies through your browser

The ability to disable or delete cookies can also be carried out by changing your browser’s settings. In order to do this, follow the instructions provided by your browser (usually found in the ‘Help’, ‘Edit’ or ‘Tools’ facility). Some pages may not work if you completely disable all cookies, but many third party cookies can be safely blocked. If you do switch off cookies at a browser level, your device won’t be able to accept cookies from any website. This means you will struggle to access the secure area of any website you use and you won’t enjoy the best browsing experience when you are online.

Privacy policy

Your privacy is important to AJSRP Foundation. This privacy statement provides information about the personal information that AJSRP Foundation collects, and the ways in which AJSRP Foundation uses that personal information.

Personal information collection
AJSRP Foundation may collect and use personal information that is necessary for the processing and publication of manuscripts submitted to us. This information may include names, affiliation and contact details; including postal address, emails, phone numbers and fax numbers.

Using personal information
Any personal information received by AJSRP Foundation will only be used to: process and publish your manuscript.

administer this website;
personalize the website for you;
enable your access to and use of the website services;
process your manuscript;
publish your manuscript;
send to you communication about your manuscript
send to you statements and invoices;
collect payments from you; and
send you marketing communications.

Where AJSRP Foundation discloses your personal information to its agents or sub-contractors for these purposes, the agent or sub-contractor in question will be obligated to use that personal information in accordance with the terms of this privacy statement.

In addition to the disclosures reasonably necessary for the purposes identified elsewhere above, AJSRP Foundation may disclose your personal information to the extent that it is required to do so by law, in connection with any legal proceedings or prospective legal proceedings, and in order to establish, exercise or defend its legal rights.

Securing your data
AJSRP Foundation will take reasonable technical and organisational precautions to prevent the loss, misuse or alteration of your personal information.

Cross-border data transfers
Information that AJSRP Foundation collects may be stored and processed in and transferred between any of the countries in which AJSRP Foundation operates to enable the use of the information in accordance with this privacy policy.

In addition, personal information that you submit for publication on the website will be published on the internet and may be available around the world.

You agree to such cross-border transfers of personal information.

Updating this statement
AJSRP Foundation may update this privacy policy by posting a new version on this website.

You should check this page occasionally to ensure you are familiar with any changes.

Other websites
This website contains links to other websites.

AJSRP Foundation is not responsible for the privacy policies or practices of any third party.

Contact AJSRP Foundation
If you have any questions about this privacy policy or AJSRP Foundation’ treatment of your personal information, please send an email to compliance@academicjournals.org

Text and data mining (TDM)

Text and data mining (TDM) is the digital analysis of large quantities of content (text and/or data) that allows researchers to discover patterns, trends, connections, and other insightful information. Recognizing its benefits across research fields, AJSRP Foundation is happy to accommodate both non-commercial and commercial use of TDM.

Non-commercial use
Non-commercial TDM applications are performed solely to advance research and not for the benefit of commercial companies (it does not generate current or future revenue). As such, these initiatives support our mission of creating high-quality academic and educational resources and services and making them available across the world. Non-commercial TDM rights are detailed in our Subscription Agreement with your institution. To understand what is permitted under your institution’s agreement, please contact us.

Commercial use
Commercial TDM can be made available to individuals or companies for research that leads to the development of new products or services (including those that will generate revenue).

For more information, please contact us with your inquiries.